ca inter suggested answers | Nov 23 Accounts Paper
Table of Content
Glen Ltd. began construction of a new building on 1 January, 2022. On 1 April, 2022, following two loans were obtained to fund the construction cost ;
(i) Loan of ₹ 60,00,000 from Data Bank Ltd. was taken at interest rate of 8% per annum. This loan was fully utilized for construction of the new building.
(ii) Loan of ₹ 20,00,000 from Satya Bank Ltd. Out of this, loan amount of ₹ 6,00,000 was utilized for working capital purpose.
Total interest of ₹ 1,92,000 were paid to Satya Bank Ltd. for the financial year 2022-23.
Construction of the new building was completed on 31 January, 2023 and was ready for its intended use on the same date.
None of the loan was repaid during the year. The building is a qualifying asset for the purpose of AS-16.
Out of loan from Data Bank Ltd., surplus funds were temporarily invested for the short period of time. This temporary investment earned interest of ₹ 30,000.
You are required to calculate the amount of interest (a) to be capitalized, (b) to be charged to profit and loss.account from the total interest incurred as borrowing cost during the year 2022-23. (as per AS-16).
Answer 1 : (A)
Karna Ltd., an Indian Company, has the following foreign currency transactions during the financial year 2022-23 :
(i) On 1st July, 2022, imported goods from Try Ltd., a German based company, amounting to ₹ 30,96,000.
(ii) On 1st October, 2022, imported plant and machinery from Lucy Ltd., a German based company, for € 18,500. The amount was paid on the date of import itself. (Ignore depreciation).
(iii) On 1st December, 2022, exported good on credit to Cream Ltd., a German based company, amounting to ₹ 50,40,000.
All the above transactions were recorded in the books of account at the prevailing exchange rate on the date of the transactions. Ignore taxes and duty on the above transactions.
Payment due from Cream Ltd. and payment due to Try Ltd. is outstanding as on 31% March, 2023.
Rate of exchange between reporting currency (₹) and foreign currency (€) on different dates are as under :
On 1st July, 2022 1€=₹386
On 1st October, 2022 1€=₹388
On1st December, 2022 1€=₹84
On 1st March, 2023 1€=₹90
You are required, as per AS-11 :
(i) To show value at which above items will appear in Balance sheet as on 31st March, 2023;
(ii) To calculate the amount of gain / loss on each of above transactions on account of exchange differences, if any.
Answer 1 : (B)
In the following cases, find the value of closing stock as per AS 2 :
(i) Sonu is a retailer dealing in toys. During the year, he purchased items worth for ₹ 1,47,000 and made a total sale ₹ 1,54,000. The average percentage of gross margin is 10% on cost. Opening stock of toys at cost was ₹ 20,000,
(ii) On 21st March, 2023, Mohan purchased 250 chairs at ₹ 300 each.
The selling price of the chair is ₹ 400 each. Owing to a manufacturing defect, net realisable value of the whole lot of chair was determined at 70% of their normal selling price. No chairs were sold during the year.
Answer 1 : (C)
A Ltd. purchased a Machinery for ₹ 75 Lakhs. Government Grant received towards this Machinery is ₹ 10, Lakhs. Residual Value of Machinery at the end of useful life of 6 Years is ₹ 5 Lakhs.
Asset is shown in Balance Sheet at net of grant.
At the beginning of the 3rd year, an amount becomes refundable to the extent of ₹-8 Lakhs due to non-compliance of certain conditions of grant.
You are required to give necessary Journal entries for the 1st year and the 3rd year in the books of A Ltd.
Answer 1 : (D)
Mr. Harry had taken out a fire policy of the loss of stock for ₹11,00,000 and a loss of profits policy for ₹ 17,00,000 having an indemnity period of 6 months. Trading and Profit & Loss Account for the year ended 31-03-2023 were as follows :
Trading and Profit & Loss Account of Mr. Harry for the year ended 31-03-2023
|Particulars||Amount (₹)||Particulars||Amount (₹)|
|To Op Stock||1,70,000||By Sales||85,00,000|
|To Pur.||49,30,000||By Clo Stock||7,65,000|
|To Manuf. Exp||14,45,000|
|To GP ¢/d||27,20,000|
|To Salary||5,30,000||By GP b/d||27,20,000|
|To Adv. Exp||70,000|
|To Int. on Loan||1,65,000|
On 1st July 2023, a fire occurred on the premises of Mr. Harry and as a result, sales were seriously affected for 3 months. The entire stock was gutted with nil salvage value. The following information is available for the period 1-04-23 to 30-06-23 :
Other information :
Sales during the period 1-07-23 to 30-09-23 were ₹ 7,43,750.
The standing charges insured were ₹ 8,75,000.
Additional expenses incurred after the fire were ₹ 5,10,000.
The general trend of the industry shows an increase in sales by 15% and a decrease in Gross Profit by 5% due to increased costs.
Ascertain the claim for stock and loss of profit.
Answer 2 : (A)
Mr. Anuj bought eight Scooters from Bee Motors on 1 April, 2020 on the following Hire Purchase agreement terms :
|Down payment||₹ 10,00,000|
|1 installment payable at the end of 1st year||₹ 5,30,000|
|2 installment payable at the end of 2nd year||₹ 4,90,000|
|3 installment payable at the end of 3rd year||₹ 5,50,000|
Interest is charged at the rate of 10% p.a.
Mr. Anuj provides depreciation @ 20% p.a. on the diminishing balances.
On 31% March, 2023, Mr. Anyj failed to pay the 3rd installment, upon which Bee Motors repossessed three Scooters. Bee Motors agreed to leave the remaining Scooters with Mr. Anuj and adjusted the value of the repossessed Scooters against the amount due. The Scooters repossessed were valued at T 3,94,450. The balance amount remaining in the vendor’s account after the above adjustment was paid by Mr. Anuj after 3 months with interest @ 18% p.a.
You are required to :
(i) Calculate the cash price of the Scooters and the interest payable with each installment.
(ii) Prepare the Scooters Account and Bee Motors Account (up to the final payment made) in the books of Mr. Anuj.
Answer 2 : (B)
Following information is given by Mr. Happy (stock broker) relating to his holding in 10% Government Bonds :
Opening Balance as 1 April, 22 was 5,000 units (Nominal value ₹100 each), Cost ₹ 4,85,000
On 1st June, 22, Purchased 600 units, cum-interest @ ₹ 99
On 1st August, 22, Purchased 2400 units, ex-interest @ 97.50
On 1st October, 22, Sold 2,500 units @ ₹ 98.50, ex-interest
On 1st January, 23 , Sold 3,000 units @ ₹ 99 cum interest
Interest is received on 30th June and 31st December each year.
Mr. Happy closes his books on 31 March each year.
Prepare Investment Account in the books of Mr. Happy assuming that FIFO method of valuation is followed by Mr. Happy.
Answer 3 : (A)
Jolly Industries of Delhi is a trader in spices.It has a branch at Jalandhar to which Head office invoice goods at 20% on sales. The Jalandhar branch sells spices both on cash and credit. Branch remit all the cash received to Head Office Bank account, thus all expenses of branch are also directly paid from head office.
From the following information given, Prepare Branch Accounts in the Head office ledger using Stock and Debtors Method.
Branch does not maintain any books of account, but send fortnightly returns to Head office.
|Stock at Jalandhar as on 1st April, 2022 (Cost Price)||1,00,000|
|Sundry Debtors at Jalandhar as on 1st April, 2022||1,10,000|
|Cash received from Debtors||3,45,000|
|Bad debts during the year||9,500|
|Discount allowed to Debtors||5,500|
|Goods received from Head Office at Invoice Price||6,00,000|
|Returns to Head office at Invoice Price||60,000|
|Normal loss of goods during transport (Out of Goods sent by H.O. to Branch)||12,000|
|Sales returns at Jalandhar Branch||11,000|
|Salarics and staff welfare expenses at Branch||54,000|
|Rent and taxes at Branch||9,000|
|Other Office Expenses||2,500|
|Sundry Debtors at Branch as at 31st March 2023||1,55,000|
|Stock at Jalandhar as on 31st March, 2023 (Cost Price)||1,20,000|
Credit sales at Branch are four times of the cash Sales at Branch.
Answer 3 : (B)
The following is the Trial Balance of Falgun Ltd., as on 31st March, 2023 :
|Equity Share Capital||10,00,000|
|(Fully paid-up shares of ₹ 100 each)|
|10% Preference Share Capital of Face Value ₹ 100 each||4,00,000|
|2,000 10% Debentures of ₹ 100 each||2,00,000|
|Securities Premium Account||50,000|
|Land (at Cost)||7,00,000|
|Plant and Machinery||14,70,000|
|Provision for Depreciation — Plant and Machinery||3,00,000|
|Provision for Depreciation — Furniture||1,90,000|
|Bank Over Drafts from Nationalized bank||2,00,000|
|(Secured by Hypothecation of Stocks)|
|6% Secured Loan from State Finance Corporation (repayable after 3 years)||4,50,000|
|(Secured by Hypothecation of Plant and Machinery)|
|Loan from Director (Short Term)||1,00,000|
|Selling and Distribution Expenses||46,600|
|(include ₹ 50,000/ for foreign tour)|
|Profit and Loss Account||40,000|
Additional Information :
(i) Authorized Capital — divided into —
(a) 20,000 equity shares of ₹ 100 each.
(b) 10,000 10% preference shares of ₹ 100 each
(ii) Equity shares include, 2,500 equity shares issued for consideration other than cash.
(iii) The company has had land professionally valued and decides to include it in the Balance sheet at its valuation of ₹ 8,50,000.
(iv) It is proposed to capitalize part of the undistributed profits by making bonus issue to the shareholders by allocating one equity share of ₹ 100 each for every 5 shares held.
(v) Trade Receivables of ₹ 46,000 are due for more than six months. There is no doubtful amount.
(vi) Depreciation expenses include depreciation of ₹ 1,10,000 on Plant and Machinery and that of ₹ 70,000 on Furniture.
(vii) Cash-at-Bank include ₹ 55,000 with Desire Bank Ltd., which is not scheduled Bank.
(viii) Miscellaneous expenses included ₹ 5,000 being audit fees paid to auditors.
(ix) Bills Receivables for ₹ 35,000 maturing on 31st July, 2023 has been discounted.
(x) Balance of secured loan from State Finance Corporation is inclusive of ₹36,000 for interest accrued but not due.
(xi) Director’s declared final dividend @ 8% on 6th April, 2023, transferring afly amount that may be required from General Reserve.
(xii) Interest on debenture for the year is outstanding as on 31st March, 2023.
You are required to prepare Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2023 and Statement of Profit and Loss with Notes to Accounts for the year ending 31st March, 2023 as per Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013. Ignore previous years’ figures. (Ignore taxation).
(All workings should form part of the answer)
Answer 4 :
Mr. Gurmeet runs the retail business and maintain books under single “entry system.-He has furnished the following information :
Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2022
|Cash at Bank||1,05,000|
|Cash in Hand||8,000|
|Gurmeet’s Capital A/c.||3,08,000|
(i) Goods are invariably sold to show a gross profit of 20% on cost.
(ii) Depreciation is provided on furniture @ 10% p.a. on diminishing balance.
(iii) Payment _for purchases is always made by cheque.
(iv) Goods are sold for cash and credit both. Credit customers are paid by cheque only.
(v) It is practice of Mr. Gurmeet to send to the bank all collection of the month at last date of each month after paying :
|office expenses||₹1,800 p.m.|
|Personal withdrawals||₹ 1,500 p.m.|
(vi) Analysis of passbook for the period ending 31st March, 2023 disclosed the following information :
|Cash deposited in bank during the year||2,12,000|
|Receipts from credit customers||12,28,000|
|Payment to creditors||12,15,000|
|Payment of insurance premium||2,400|
|(for one year ending 30th June, 2023)|
|Miscellaneous Receipts — sale of old papers||1,400|
(vii) Balances as on 31st March, 2023 are :
(viii) Claim against Mr. Gurmeet for damages of ₹15,000 is under dispute. He anticipates defeat in the suit.
(ix) On physical verification of cash in cash box carried on 31st March, 2023, shortage of ₹10,000 was found. It was noticed that the cashier absconded with the shortage amount. Further, it is not possible to recover cash from cashier.
-You are required to prepare :
(i) Trading and Profit and Loss Account for the year ending 31st March, 2023;
(ii) Balance sheet as on 31st March, 2023
Answer 5 : (A)
Discuss Disclosure requirements in following cases as per AS 1.
(i) Accountant of A Ltd. charges a probable loss of losing a suit in books of accounts and also disclosed the same fact in financial statements. The probability of losing the suitis 25%.
(ii) Accountant of A Ltd. capitalized all the revenue expenses of repair and maintenance during the year to Plant & Machinery and is also disclosing the same as company policy in financial statements.
(iii) A Ltd. has followed accrual basis -of accounting since incorporation. The chief accountant also disclosed this fact in financial statements.
(iv) A Ltd. was providing for after sales expenses @ 2% of sales for covering expenses during the warranty period. Now A Ltd. observes that actual after sales expenses were much less as compared to provision because of better technology used in manufacturing of the products. Now, the Board of A Ltd. decides to account for these expenses as and when they occur. Sales during the period are ₹50 crores.
Answer 5 : (B)
Following is the Profit and Loss Account of Erick Ltd. for the year ended 31st March, 2023 :
|Income :||Amt. (₹)|
|Profit on Sale of Land||1,20,000|
|Subsidy received from State Government||3,00,000|
|Administrative and Selling Expenses||58,500|
|Salaries and Wages||5,80,000|
|Development Rebate Reserve||15,000|
|Interest on Debentures||90,000|
|Net Profit c/f||14,20,000|
Additional Information :
(i) Administrative and selling expenses include the cost of construction of new office building amounting to ₹8,000.
(ii) Depreciation as per Companies Act, 2013 was ₹3,95,000.
You are required to calculate the maximum limits of the managerial remuneration as per Companies Act, 2013.
Answer 6: (A)
Z Ltd. decides to increase its existing share capital by making rights issue to its existing shareholders.
The company is offering 2 new shares for every 5 existing shares held by the shareholders. The market value of shares is ₹ 420 per share.
Company is offering each share at ₹ 245 per share.
Calculate the value of right and the ex-right market price of a share.
Answer 6 : (B)