Career Options after 12th

  • By TeamKoncept
  • 5 December, 2023
Career Options after 12th

Career Options after 12th

Table of Content

  1. Introduction
  2. Professional Courses
  3. Journey of (CA) Chartered Accountancy
  4. Journey of (CS) Company Secretary
  5. Journey of (CMA) Cost and Management Accountancy
  6. Work and Salary as a Professional



After completing 12th grade in India, there are numerous courses that students can pursue based on their interests and career goals. Here are some popular options:

1. Bachelor's Degree Courses:

  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in various engineering fields.
  • Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) for aspiring doctors.
  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, etc.
  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A) in fields like English, History, Economics, Political Science, etc.
  • Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com) in Accounting, Finance, or related fields.
  • Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) for those interested in designing and constructing buildings.

2. Integrated Courses:

  • Integrated Law courses (B.A LLB, B.Sc LLB, etc.) for students interested in pursuing a career in law.
  • Integrated courses in management (BBA+MBA) for those aspiring to work in the business sector.

3. Professional Courses:

  • Chartered Accountancy (CA) for those interested in accounting and finance.
  • Company Secretary (CS) for corporate governance and compliance.
  • Cost and Management Accountancy (CMA) for cost accounting and management.

4. Design and Fine Arts Courses:

  • Bachelor of Design (B.Des) in disciplines like Fashion Design, Graphic Design, Industrial Design, etc.
  • Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) in fields like Painting, Sculpture, Applied Arts, etc.

5. Diploma and Certificate Courses:

  • Diploma in Engineering for specialized technical skills.
  • Diploma in Hotel Management for a career in the hospitality industry.
  • Certificate courses in fields like Digital Marketing, Web Development, Graphic Design, etc.

These are just a few examples, and there are many more courses available in various fields like science, arts, commerce, humanities, and vocational areas. It's important for students to explore their interests, research career prospects, and choose a course that aligns with their passion and long-term goals.

2. Professional Courses:

Professional courses are educational programs designed to provide specialized knowledge and skills in a particular field or profession. These courses are typically focused on practical training and are geared towards preparing students for specific careers. Professional courses can be pursued after completing secondary education (12th grade) or after obtaining a bachelor's degree, depending on the requirements of the course.

Here are some common types of professional courses:

  1. Chartered Accountancy (CA): CA is a professional course in accounting and finance. It involves rigorous training and examinations to become a certified chartered accountant. CAs play a crucial role in financial management, auditing, taxation, and advisory services.
  2. Company Secretary (CS): CS is a professional course that equips individuals with knowledge and skills related to corporate governance, company laws, and compliance. Company secretaries provide expert advice on legal and regulatory matters to ensure smooth functioning of organizations.
  3. Cost and Management Accountancy (CMA): CMA is a professional course focused on cost accounting and management. CMAs are responsible for analyzing costs, formulating budgets, and providing strategic financial advice to organizations.
Koncept Education APP CA CMA CS
Koncept Education APP CA CMA CS
3. Journey of (CA) Chartered Accountancy

CA stands for Chartered Accountant. It is a prestigious professional designation awarded to individuals who have successfully completed the rigorous qualification process prescribed by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI).

Chartered Accountants are financial professionals who possess expertise in various areas of accounting, finance, taxation, auditing, and business advisory services. They play a crucial role in ensuring the financial health, compliance, and transparency of organizations.

Some key responsibilities and roles of Chartered Accountants include:

  1. Financial Reporting: Chartered Accountants are skilled in preparing and analyzing financial statements, ensuring accuracy, adherence to accounting standards, and providing insights into the financial performance of businesses.
  2. Auditing: Chartered Accountants conduct independent audits to assess the accuracy and reliability of financial statements, compliance with regulations, and internal control systems of organizations.
  3. Taxation: Chartered Accountants have in-depth knowledge of tax laws and regulations. They assist individuals and businesses in tax planning, compliance, and filing of tax returns.
  4. Financial Management: Chartered Accountants provide financial management expertise, helping businesses make strategic decisions, manage budgets, optimize cash flow, and evaluate investment opportunities.
  5. Business Advisory: Chartered Accountants offer valuable advice and consultancy services on various aspects of business operations, financial planning, risk management, and corporate governance.
  6. Forensic Accounting: Chartered Accountants may specialize in forensic accounting, investigating financial frauds, detecting irregularities, and providing expert opinions in legal proceedings.

To become a Chartered Accountant, individuals need to complete a series of examinations, practical training, and fulfill the eligibility criteria set by the ICAI. The journey includes clearing the CA Foundation, CA Intermediate, and CA Final examinations, along with practical training known as Articleship under a practicing Chartered Accountant or in a CA firm.

Chartered Accountants enjoy diverse career opportunities in accounting firms, consulting firms, corporations, government agencies, financial institutions, and can also establish their own practices. They are highly regarded for their expertise in financial matters and their role in maintaining the financial integrity of businesses and the economy.

4. Journey of (CS) Company Secretary

CS stands for Company Secretary. A Company Secretary is a professional who ensures compliance with legal and regulatory requirements and provides expert advice on corporate governance and corporate laws to companies.

The role of a Company Secretary typically includes the following responsibilities:

Legal Compliance: Company Secretaries ensure that the company complies with applicable laws, regulations, and corporate governance standards. They keep the company updated on legal changes, prepare and file necessary documents with regulatory authorities, and ensure adherence to statutory requirements.

Corporate Governance: Company Secretaries play a vital role in maintaining good corporate governance practices within the organization. They assist in the formulation of policies and procedures, monitor compliance with governance codes, and provide guidance on ethical business practices.

Board Support: Company Secretaries provide support to the board of directors and facilitate effective communication between the board, management, and shareholders. They organize board meetings, prepare agendas, record minutes, and assist in the implementation of board decisions.

Shareholder Relations: Company Secretaries manage relationships with shareholders, handle shareholder meetings, and ensure compliance with procedures for issuing shares, dividends, and other related matters. They also handle investor inquiries, manage share transfers, and assist in conducting general meetings.

Legal Advisory: Company Secretaries offer legal advice and expertise to the company on various legal matters such as contracts, agreements, intellectual property, employment laws, and legal risks. They ensure that the company's operations and activities are in accordance with relevant laws and regulations.

To become a Company Secretary in India, one needs to complete the Company Secretary course conducted by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI). The course consists of three levels: Foundation, Executive, and Professional. After successful completion of the course and practical training requirements, individuals become eligible to become a member of ICSI and can use the designation of "Company Secretary."

Company Secretaries can work in various sectors, including corporate organizations, law firms, financial institutions, regulatory bodies, and government agencies. They play a crucial role in ensuring legal and regulatory compliance, promoting transparency and accountability, and contributing to the effective functioning of companies.

5. Journey of (CMA) Cost and Management Accountancy


CMA refers to a professional qualification known as Cost and Management Accountant. This certification is awarded by the Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICMAI), formerly known as the Institute of Cost and Works Accountants of India (ICWAI).

The CMA certification is highly regarded in India and signifies expertise in cost accounting, management accounting, financial management, and related fields. Here are the key details regarding the CMA (Cost and Management Accountancy) certification:

  1. Foundation Course:
  • Enroll for the CMA Foundation course offered by ICMAI.
  • Study subjects such as Fundamentals of Business Laws and Business Communication (FBLC), Fundamentals of Financial and Cost Accounting (FFCA), Fundamentals of Business Mathematics and Statistics (FBMS) and Fundamentals of Business Economics and Management (FBEM)
  • Appear for the CMA Foundation examination.
  1. Intermediate Course:
  • Register for the CMA Intermediate course after clearing the Foundation course.
  • Study subjects such as Business Laws and Ethics (BLE), Financial Accounting (FA), Direct Indirect Taxation (DITX), Cost Accounting (CA), Operations Management and Strategic Management (OMSM), Corporate Accounting and Auditing (CAA), Financial Management and Business Data Analytics (FMDA) and Management Accounting (MA)
  • Appear for the CMA Intermediate examination.
  1. Final Course:
  • Enrol for the CMA Final course after clearing the Intermediate course.
  • Study subjects such as Corporate Laws and Compliance, Strategic Financial Management, Strategic Cost Management and Business Strategy, Direct Tax Laws and International Taxation, etc.
  • Appear for the CMA Final examination.
  1. Practical Experience:
  • Complete three years of practical training under a practicing cost accountant or in an approved organization.
  • Gain practical experience in areas such as cost accounting, management accounting, financial management, budgeting, and analysis.
  1. Membership:
  • Apply for membership with ICMAI upon completion of the practical training and passing the CMA Final examination.
  • Become a member of ICMAI and receive the designation of a Cost and Management Accountant.

CMA professionals are equipped with skills in cost accounting, financial management, strategic planning, and performance analysis. They often work in roles such as cost accountants, financial analysts, management accountants, finance managers, or consultants in various industries.

6. Work and Salary as a Professional 

After completing CA, CS, or CMA in India, individuals have various career opportunities across different fields. The salary and types of fields can vary depending on factors such as experience, skills, industry, location, and job role. Here is an overview of potential salary ranges and fields for each qualification:

1. Chartered Accountant (CA):

  • Fields: Chartered Accountants can work in diverse sectors, including public accounting firms, corporate organizations, financial institutions, government agencies, and consultancy firms.
  • Salary Range: Starting salaries for fresh CA graduates in India can range from ₹6 to ₹10 lakhs per annum. With experience and specialization, the salary can significantly increase, and senior-level CAs can earn several lakhs or even crores of rupees per year.

2. Company Secretary (CS):

  • Fields: CS professionals can find opportunities in both the public and private sectors. They are typically involved in corporate governance, legal compliance, and company law matters. CS professionals can work in corporate firms, government organizations, banks, insurance companies, and other industries.
  • Salary Range: The salary for CS professionals can vary depending on factors such as experience, industry, and job role. Starting salaries for fresh CS graduates can range from ₹4 to ₹7 lakhs per annum. With experience and expertise, the salary can increase, and senior-level CS professionals can earn several lakhs per year.

3. Cost and Management Accountant (CMA):

  • Fields: CMAs are equipped with skills in cost accounting, financial management, and strategic planning. They can work in various sectors such as manufacturing, FMCG, banking, financial services, consultancy firms, and more.
  • Salary Range: The salary for CMAs can vary based on experience, industry, and job role. Starting salaries for fresh CMA graduates in India can range from ₹4 to ₹7 lakhs per annum. With experience and specialization, the salary can increase, and senior-level CMAs can earn several lakhs per year.
  • It's important to note that the salary ranges provided are approximate figures and can vary significantly based on individual circumstances and the prevailing market conditions. Additionally, the career prospects and salary growth for these professions can be influenced by factors such as additional qualifications, certifications, skills, and professional achievements.
  • Furthermore, individuals with these qualifications can also explore opportunities as independent practitioners, consultants, educators, or start their own businesses. The career paths and possibilities are vast, allowing professionals to specialize in specific areas such as taxation, auditing, financial management, risk management, or corporate advisory services.
  • It's advisable to research specific industries, organizations, and job roles of interest to gain a better understanding of the salary expectations and career prospects in your preferred field after obtaining CA, CS, or CMA qualifications.
Ruchika Saboo An All India Ranker (AIR 7 - CA Finals, AIR 43 - CA Inter), she is one of those teachers who just loved studying as a student. Aims to bring the same drive in her students.

Ruchika Ma'am has been a meritorious student throughout her student life. She is one of those who did not study from exam point of view or out of fear but because of the fact that she JUST LOVED STUDYING. When she says - love what you study, it has a deeper meaning.

She believes - "When you study, you get wise, you obtain knowledge. A knowledge that helps you in real life, in solving problems, finding opportunities. Implement what you study". She has a huge affinity for the Law Subject in particular and always encourages student to - "STUDY FROM THE BARE ACT, MAKE YOUR OWN INTERPRETATIONS". A rare practice that you will find in her video lectures as well.

She specializes in theory subjects - Law and Auditing.

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Yashvardhan Saboo A Story teller, passionate for simplifying complexities, techie. Perfectionist by heart, he is the founder of - Konceptca.

Yash Sir (As students call him fondly) is not a teacher per se. He is a story teller who specializes in simplifying things, connecting the dots and building a story behind everything he teaches. A firm believer of Real Teaching, according to him - "Real Teaching is not teaching standard methods but giving the power to students to develop his own methods".

He cleared his CA Finals in May 2011 and has been into teaching since. He started teaching CA, CS, 11th, 12th, B.Com, M.Com students in an offline mode until 2016 when Konceptca was launched. One of the pioneers in Online Education, he believes in providing a learning experience which is NEAT, SMOOTH and AFFORDABLE.

He specializes in practical subjects – Accounting, Costing, Taxation, Financial Management. With over 12 years of teaching experience (Online as well as Offline), he SURELY KNOWS IT ALL.

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"Koncept perfectly justifies what it sounds, i.e, your concepts are meant to be cleared if you are a Konceptian. My experience with Koncept was amazing. The most striking experience that I went through was the the way Yash sir and Ruchika ma'am taught us in the lectures, making it very interesting and lucid. Another great feature of Koncept is that you get mentor calls which I think drives you to stay motivated and be disciplined. And of course it goes without saying that Yash sir has always been like a friend to me, giving me genuine guidance whenever I was in need. So once again I want to thank Koncept Education for all their efforts."

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"Hi. My name is Arka Das. I have cleared my CMA Foundation Exam. I cleared my 12th Board Exam from Bengali Medium and I had a very big language problem. Koncept Education has helped me a lot to overcome my language barrier. Their live sessions are really helpful. They have cleared my basic concepts. I think its a phenomenal app."

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